A clip may be made of one continuous piece of stamped metal and have no moving parts. Examples of clips are moon clips for revolvers; "stripper" clips such as what is used for military 5. Use of the term "clip" to refer to detachable magazines is a point of strong disagreement. The earliest firearms were loaded with loose powder and a lead ball, and to fire more than a single shot without reloading required multiple barrels , such as pepper-box guns and double-barreled shotguns , or multiple chambers , such as in revolvers.
Both of these add bulk and weight over a single barrel and a single chamber, however, and many attempts were made to get multiple shots from a single loading of a single barrel through the use of superposed loads. The first successful mass-produced repeating weapon to use a "tubular magazine" permanently mounted to the weapon was the Austrian Army's Girandoni air rifle , first produced in The first mass-produced repeating firearm was the Volcanic Rifle which used a hollow bullet with the base filled with powder and primer fed into the chamber from a tube called a "magazine" with an integral spring to push the cartridges in to the action, thence to be loaded into the chamber and fired.
It was named after a building or room used to store ammunition. The anemic power of the Rocket Ball ammunition used in the Volcanic doomed it to limited popularity. The Henry repeating rifle is a lever-action , breech-loading , tubular magazine fed rifle , and was an improved version of the earlier Volcanic rifle.
Designed by Benjamin Tyler Henry in , it was one of the first firearms to use self-contained metallic cartridges. It was adopted in small quantities by the Union in the Civil War and favored for its greater firepower than the standard issue carbine.
Many later found their way West and was famed both for its use at the Battle of the Little Bighorn , and being the basis for the iconic Winchester rifle which are still made to this day. Switzerland and Italy adopted similar designs.
The second magazine-fed firearm to achieve widespread success was the Spencer repeating rifle , which saw service in the American Civil War. The Spencer used a tubular magazine located in the butt of the gun instead of under the barrel and it used new rimfire metallic cartridges. The Spencer was successful, but the rimfire ammunition did occasionally ignite in the magazine tube and destroy the magazine.
It could also injure the user. The new bolt-action rifles began to gain favor with militaries in the s and were often equipped with tubular magazines. The Mauser Model was originally a single-shot action that added a tubular magazine in its update. The Norwegian Jarmann M was adopted in and also used a tubular magazine. The French Lebel Model rifle also used 8-round tubular magazine.
The military cartridge was evolving as the magazine rifle evolved. Cartridges evolved from large-bore cartridges. The Lebel Model rifle was the first rifle and cartridge to be designed for use with smokeless powder and used an 8 mm wadcutter -shaped bullet that was drawn from a tubular magazine.
This would later become a problem when the Lebel's ammunition was updated to use a more aerodynamic pointed bullet. Modifications had to be made to the centerfire case to prevent the spitzer point from igniting the primer of the next cartridge inline in the magazine through recoil or simply rough handling. Two early box magazine patents were the ones by Rollin White in and William Harding in Unlike later box magazines this magazine fed into a tube magazine and was located in the stock of the gun.
It also used a cartridge clip which held 5 rounds ready to load into the magazine. Like Lee's box magazine, the rotary magazine held the rounds side-by-side, rather than end-to-end. Like most rotary magazines, it was loaded through a loading gate one round at a time, this one located on the side of the receiver. It was adopted by only three countries, Denmark in , the United States in ,  and Norway in A clip called chargers in the United Kingdom is a device that is used to store multiple rounds of ammunition together as a unit, ready for insertion into the magazine or cylinder of a firearm.
This speeds up the process of loading and reloading the firearm as several rounds can be loaded at once, rather than one round being loaded at a time. Several different types of clips exist, most of which are made of inexpensive metal stampings that are designed to be disposable, though they are often re-used.
The first clips used were of the en bloc variety, developed by Ferdinand Mannlicher and first adopted by the Austro-Hungarian Army , which would be used Austro-Hungarians during the first world war in the form of the Mannlicher M , derivatives of which would be adopted by many national militaries. The Germans used this system for their Model Commission Rifle , featuring a 5-round en bloc clip-fed internal box magazine.
Paul Mauser would solve this problem by introducing a stripper clip that functioned only to assist the user in loading the magazine quickly: it was not required to load the magazine to full capacity. He would continue to make improved models of rifles that took advantage of this new clip design from through in various calibers that proved enormously successful, and were adopted by a wide range of national militaries.
In the late s there were many short-lived designs, such as the M Lee Navy and Gewehr , eventually replaced by the M Springfield rifle and Gewehr 98 respectively. The Russian Mosin—Nagant , adopted in , was an exception. It was not revolutionary; it was a bolt-action rifle, used a small-bore smokeless powder cartridge, and a fixed box magazine loaded from the top with stripper clips , all of which were features that were used in earlier military rifles. What made the Nagant stand out was that it combined all the earlier features in a form that was to last virtually unchanged from its issue by Russia in through World War II and with its sniper rifle variants still in use today.
An interesting feature of many late 19th- and early 20th-century bolt-action rifles was the magazine cut-off, sometimes called a feed interrupter. This was a mechanical device that prevented the rifle from loading a round from the magazine, requiring the shooter to manually load each individual round as he fired, saving the rounds in the magazine for short periods of rapid fire when ordered to use them.
Most military authorities that specified them assumed that their riflemen would waste ammunition indiscriminately if allowed to load from the magazine all the time. One of the last new clip-fed, fixed-magazine rifles widely adopted that was not a modification of an earlier rifle was the M1 Garand. The first semi-automatic rifle that was issued in large numbers to the infantry, the Garand was fed by a special eight-round en bloc clip. The clip itself was inserted into the rifle's magazine during loading, where it was locked in place.
The rounds were fed directly from the clip, with a spring-loaded follower in the rifle pushing the rounds up into feeding position. When empty, the bolt would lock open, and a spring would automatically eject the empty clip with a distinctive pinging sound, leaving the rifle ready to be reloaded. The M14 rifle , which was based on incremental changes to the Garand action, switched to a detachable box magazine.
The Soviet SKS carbine, which entered service in , was something of a stopgap between the semi-automatic service rifles being developed in the period leading up to World War II, and the new assault rifle developed by the Germans. The SKS used a fixed magazine, holding ten rounds and fed by a conventional stripper clip. It was a modification of the earlier AVS rifle, shortened and chambered for the new reduced power 7.
It was rendered obsolete for military use almost immediately by the introduction of the magazine-fed AK assault rifle, though it remained in service for many years in Soviet Bloc nations alongside the AK The detachable magazine quickly came to dominate post-war military rifle designs.
Firearms using detachable magazines are made with an opening known as a magazine well into which the detachable magazine is inserted. The magazine well locks the magazine in position for feeding cartridges into the chamber of the firearm, and requires a device known as a magazine release to allow the magazine to be separated from the firearm. The Lee—Metford rifle, developed in , was one of the first rifles to use a detachable box magazine, though this was only detachable for cleaning and not swapped to reload the weapon.
It operates reliably with cartridges of different lengths. It is insertable and removable at any time with any number of cartridges. These features allow the operator to reload the gun infrequently, carry magazines rather than loose cartridges, and to easily change the types of cartridges in the field.
The magazine is assembled from inexpensive stamped sheet metal. It also includes a crucial safety feature for hunting dangerous game: when empty the follower  stops the bolt from engaging the chamber, informing the operator that the gun is empty before any attempt to fire. The first successful semi-automatic pistol was the Borchardt C and incorporated detachable box magazines. Nearly all subsequent semiautomatic pistol designs adopted detachable box magazines.
The Swiss Army evaluated the Luger pistol using a detachable box magazine in 7. The Luger pistol was accepted by the Imperial German Navy in This version is known as Pistole 04 or P. In the German Army adopted the Luger to replace the Reichsrevolver in front-line service. The Pistole 08 or P. The P. The M semi-automatic pistol set the standard for most modern handguns and likewise the mechanics of the handgun magazine.
In most handguns the magazine follower engages a slide-stop to hold the slide back and keep the firearm out of battery when the magazine is empty and all rounds fired. Upon inserting a loaded magazine, the user depresses the slide stop, throwing the slide forward, stripping a round from the top of the magazine stack and chambering it. In single-action pistols this action keeps the hammer cocked back as the new round is chambered, keeping the gun ready to begin firing again.
During World War One, detachable box magazines found favor, being used in all manner of firearms, such as pistols, light-machine guns, submachine guns, semi-automatic and automatic rifles. However, after the War to End All Wars , military planners failed to recognize the importance of automatic rifles and detachable box magazine concept, and instead maintained their traditional views and preference for clip-fed bolt-action rifles.
As a result, many promising new automatic rifle designs that used detachable box magazines were abandoned. As World War II loomed, most of the world's major powers began to develop submachine guns fed by to round detachable box magazines. However, of the major powers, only the United States would adopt a general-issue semi-automatic rifle that used detachable box magazines: the M1 carbine with its round magazines.
As the war progressed the Germans developed the Sturmgewehr 44 assault rifle concept with its round detachable magazine. After WWII, automatic weapons using detachable box magazines were developed and used by all of the world's armies.
Today, detachable box magazines are the norm and they are so widely used that they are simply referred to as magazines or "mags" for short. All cartridge-based single-barrel firearms designed to fire more than a single shot without reloading require some form of magazine designed to store and feed cartridges to the firearm's action.
Magazines come in many shapes and sizes, with the most common type in modern firearms being the detachable box type. Most magazines designed for use with a reciprocating bolt firearm tube fed firearms being the exception make use of a set of feed lips which stop the vertical motion of the cartridges out of the magazine but allow one cartridge at a time to be pushed forward stripped out of the feed lips by the firearm's bolt into the chamber.
Some form of spring and follower combination is almost always used to feed cartridges to the lips which can be located either in the magazine most removable box magazines or built into the firearm fixed box magazines. There are also two distinct styles to feed lips. In a single-feed design the top cartridge touches both lips and is commonly used in single-column box magazines, while a staggered feed magazine sometimes called double-feed magazine, not to be confused with the firearm malfunction consists of a wider set of lips so that the second cartridge in line forces the top cartridge against one lip.
This design has proven more resistant to jamming in use with double-column magazines. A firearm using detachable magazines may accept a variety of types of magazine, such as the Thompson submachine gun , most variations of which would accept box or drum magazines.
Some types of firearm, such as the M and other squad automatic weapons , can feed from both magazines and belts. Many of the first repeating rifles , particularly lever-action rifles, used magazines that stored cartridges nose-to-end inside of a spring-loaded tube typically running parallel under the barrel, or in the buttstock. Tubular magazines are also commonly used in pump-action shotguns and. Tubular magazines and centerfire cartridges with pointed spitzer bullets present a safety issue: a pointed bullet may through the forces of recoil or simply rough handling strike the next round's primer and ignite that round, or even cause a chain ignition of other rounds, within the magazine.
The Winchester '73 used blunt-nosed centerfire cartridges as the. Certain modern rifle cartridges using soft pointed plastic tips have been designed to avoid this problem while improving the aerodynamic qualities of the bullet to match those available in bolt-action designs, thus extending the effective range of lever-actions.
The most popular type of magazine in modern rifles and handguns, a box magazine stores cartridges in a column, either one above the other or in staggered zigzag fashion. This zigzag stack is often identified as a double-column or double-stack The double-stack is much more common because of its ability to store more rounds , since a single staggered column is actually two side-by-side vertical columns offset by half of the diameter of a round.
As the firearm cycles, cartridges are moved to the top of the magazine by a follower driven by spring compression to either a single-feed position or side-by-side feed positions. Box magazines may be integral to the firearm or removable. There are, however, exceptions to these rules. The Lee—Enfield rifle had a detachable box magazine only to facilitate cleaning.
The Lee—Enfield magazine did open, permitting rapid unloading of the magazine without having to operate the bolt-action repeatedly to unload the magazine. I will explain in detail the meaning of each term and how it relates to a firearm.
Plus, at the end, I will show you a helpful trick to use when choosing clip or magazine in your writing. What does clip mean? An ammunition clip is a device used to store individual rounds of ammunition together as a single unit that is then ready for insertion into the magazine of a gun.
A clip is a very simple device that is usually made of a steel stamping. Again, these devices are used for loading ammunition into the magazine, which then feeds the individual rounds into the firing chamber. For rifles with an internal magazine, the clip loads the bullets into the firearm itself see image below. For all of the confusion surrounding clips vs. What does magazine mean?
A magazine is a device or chamber for holding a supply of cartridges to be fed automatically to breech of a gun. It is the area from where ammunition is pulled and put into the firing chamber. As I mentioned under the clip section, a magazine can be integral to the firearm an internal magazine or it can be removable a detachable magazine. In either case, the magazine is the area of the gun that feeds ammunition into the chamber.
Most modern day pistols and many rifles use detachable magazines. The magazine is filled with ammunition by hand, sometimes with a clip, and it is then loaded into the gun. The magazine then feeds individual rounds of ammunition into the chamber through a spring-loaded follower.
While not all guns use clips, all guns, with the exception of revolvers or single-shot firearms, have magazines. As you can see, the difference between magazines and clips is quite clear.
New 10, Items 10, Used 1, Items 1, Not Specified Items Please provide a valid price range. Buying Format. All Listings. Accepts Offers. Buy It Now. Item Location. Canada Only. North America. Shipping Options. Free International Shipping. Local Pickup. Free Local Pickup. Show only. Free Returns. Returns Accepted. Authorized Seller. Completed Items. With this item, the clip is mounted in machined grooves in the receiver or in an adapter mounted on the rear of the removable magazine, and the rounds pushed, or "stripped" into the magazine.
The charger is then removed from the receiver, or magazine, and tossed. Probably, the most famous use of this system was the M1 Garand. On this firearm, the clip and ammunition is loaded into the weapon at the same time.
After the last round in the clip is fired, it is automatically ejected, clearing the weapon for the next loading. Moon clips are star ring-shaped pieces of metal used to hold rounds for loading into a cylinder. Unlike a revolver speed loader, the moon clip also stays in the cylinder, ejecting with the casings when reloading. Moon clips also aid in the ejection of rounds, and as a result, they are typically loaded into revolvers that use rimless cartridges.
As the name suggests, a half-moon clip is essentially half of a moon clip. It is a semi-circular ring and designed to hold a half cylinder's worth of ammunition. Gun Wiki Explore. On the Wiki.
A clip is a device that is used to store multiple rounds of ammunition together as a unit for insertion into the magazine or cylinder of a firearm. This speeds up the process by loading the firearm with several rounds at once, rather than one at a. A clip is a device that is used to store multiple rounds of ammunition together as a unit for insertion into the magazine or cylinder of a firearm. A clip (called chargers in the United Kingdom) is a device that is used to store multiple rounds of ammunition together as a unit.